Tuesday, August 28, 2012

CJ(13) "a horfe & mare" 1682

The next decade (1680s) of the life of Cadwallader Jones (JO-1) is documented in a variety of records.  All the pies, that he had his fingers in, were to cause a variety of downturns and upturns.  It is difficult to place all these documents in a precise order because the topic of each will cover several years, and will be on multiple subjects that came to be part of the life of our Cadwallader.  One will need a "score card" or "player roster" to begin to understand the various documents which at first seem unrelated, and the genealogists of the past have easily confused.

This post continues the account of the Rappahannock garrison, which is one topic that has been presented.  It dates from 1682 when certain decisions were made regarding this fort.  There were other events in the life of Cadwallader happening during the same time, and all cannot be pieced together without some context or framework to understand the happenings. I will again try to number the "topic" by CJ(#) so that related documents can be presented.  Here goes.

Virginia's general assembly in 1682 began to assemble its account books, and its judgements on the cost of the previous Indian wars (Also Bacon's Rebellion).  Meeting at James City on the 10th day of November 1682, they issued a series of  orders of "...publique charge and leuy...".  These orders included a number that deal with our Cadwallader.  Listed under "Rappahanock County" is the following:

"To Coll Cadwallader Jones for a horfe & mare killed att ye Garrifon......2160" [lbs. tobacco]
"To ditto for entertaining ye Seneca Indians by the Gouernrs orders.........5400"

Under "Gloucefter County":

"To Coll Cadwr Jones Comandr of Rappa Garrison................................21000 [lbs. tobacco]
"To Coll Jones affigne of Robt Beverly....................................................39000

Under "Lancafter County":

"To Coll Cadwallader Jones Comander of the Troop of this County for pay for himfelfe his Corporall 19 foldier for one yeare four Months to End the 14th May next 65320 the fume of 24500 pounds of Tobacco & Cask being paid by the late prfidents Oder deducted Remainses due....40820

It would appear that Cadwallader finally got reimbursed  for his service to the colony.  If I added correctly it would come to 111649 lbs of tobacco and casts.  This would be charged to Rappahannock, Gloucester, and Lancaster Counties.  The order was given...collection was not.

Records can be document at: House of Burgess, Index, 1659-1693:
   Cadwallader Jones, commander of Rappahannock garrison....p.181,p.183
    paid in tobacco...p.170, p.182, p.183, p.254

Tuesday, August 21, 2012

CJ(13) Extraordinary Services

If at first you don't succeed; try, try, again...or so it goes.  The case of Cadwallader Jones is taken up again according to the legislative journals of the council of Virginia.  At "Poft Merid.", "The houfe Mett & called Ouer".  It was July 3, 1680 and the record states:

"The cafe of Mr Cadwallader Jones is diftinguifhable from others by the good & Extraordinary Services he hath done and therefore hope the houfe of Burgeffes will confider him another time." [p.141, July 3, 1680]

The results of this request is not immediately recorded.  According to Bruce [Institutional History of Virginia, Vol.II, p.106] a story is reported concerning Cadwallader Jones September 1680.  Bruce describes it as "A remarkable scene..." which occurs at Rappahannock fort.  The response to a letter sent to "Major Robert Beverly" by "Capt. Cadwalader Jones" caused quite a stir. [Here Bruce fails to recognize his own earlier writings listing Cadwalader as "...deputy-commanders or the lieut.-colonels..." p.24, Vol.II.]  The letter's content (reply) "...must have been very offensive, for Jones first gave directions that it should be read before the assembled garrison...".  Next Bruce records Cadwallader, "...caused a fire to be made in full view of the soldiers, now drawn up before him.."; and stated,  "...that he valued the writer of that missive, and also the Governor himself, no more than he did the letter itself.."  Cadwallader is then reported "...with an air of great scorn and contempt threw it into the flames,...".  As a final blow, Cadwallader then "...seizing a stout stick, beat Peter Russell, the corporal who had carried Jones's letter to Beverley and brought back Beverley's answer, until he was black and blue in divers places...". [Vol. II, p.106]

Bruce draws his own conclusions regarding this episode in the life of our Cadwallader Jones. [See pp.106-107, Vol. II]  I suspect these actions were in response to the Burgess's second vote, for his extraordinary services.

[I have not been able to find a record of this second vote, but I would wager that it was taken before this September visit, 1680]

Saturday, August 11, 2012

CJ (13) Die Satur.ye 19th June 1680

The years immediately following Bacon's Rebellion were certainly difficult for those left to put together all the pieces.  Each county organized a set of "Public Officers" and arranged for a series of garrisons (forts or posts) to be established along the frontier.   Rappahannock garrison was located at the falls of the Rappahannock, and none other than our Cadwallader place in command.  I suspect this was located near the land already settled by Henry Benson and his partner Cadwallader.

A listing of the public officers for Stafford Co., 1680 [under military] gave:

Coll. George Mason
Lt. Coll. Cadwalader Jones
Maj'r Andrew Gilson
Capt. Rob't Massey.  [VA Historical Mag, Vol. I, p.251]

In June 1680, the Virginia Council journals record that:

"The houfe mett and called ourer...

     "The Petition of Coll.Cadwallader Jones for releife read in the houfe".

This petition read:

"The Sufferings of the Petitioner are most apparent and his resoluteness to abide his plantation ag't all attempts and conspiracies of our Indian enemies for many years hath (as may well be supposed) maintained us in the seatment of the upper part of Rappahannock for many miles."
[Legislative Journals of the Council i, 3 ]

The petition was called to "Queftion.  Shall Coll. Cadwallader Jones haue releife vpon his petition from the Countrey or not."

    "Refolu'd in the Negatiue by plurality of Voyces."

The plurality of voices spoke...what a deal for our Cadwallader Jones.

Wednesday, August 1, 2012

CJ (12) Colonial Papers 1677

The British government attempted to evaluate the Virginia colony following the period of Bacon's Rebellion.  The department called "America and West Indies" handled the paper work that arrived from the colony.  These are summarized and available for research with the following documentation:

Dated, "1677 March."

"   118. Grievances of the Inhabitants of the upper parts of Citternborn parish in the county of Rappahanock, presented and signed by Cadwalladen Jones and John Bowsie, to His Majesty's Commissioners for Virginia.  Under fourteen heads.  Concerning the Indian War; the levies of 1674, and 1675, and how disposed of; the impost upon tobacco; the Militia who should not sit in the Courts of Judicature; the approach of the Indians; a supply of arms, and ammunition. Also, The Answers of the Commissioners to the same.  Two papers. 6 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXIX., Nos. 62, 63; also Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXXI., pp. 300-302.]"

The above is copies from Vol. 10, 1677-1680, America and West Indies, p.45.  It gives the location of the primary documents that be researched.  Documentation is available for the genealogist.  Please note that it is here that John Rouzee (Rouse, Rowzee, Rowsey, Rowse) is recorded as "John Bowsie".  This error is not corrected by many genealogist.