Monday, July 23, 2012

CJ (12) : X Marks The Spots

Keeping active was not a problem for Cadwallader Jones (JO-1).  His conflict with Maryland involved several court records outlined as follows:

Samuel Leadbeater vs Cadwallader Jones, In Chancery Proceedings, Provincial Court, Vol. 67, p.140,1677
Robert Ridgley vs Cadwallader Jones, St. Maryes Co., Mtchant, Vol. 67, p.225, 1678
Robert Carville vs Cadwallader Jones, Proceedings Provincil Ct., MD, Vol.67, p.261,1678
Robert Ridgley vs Cadwallader Jones, 133 lbs tobacco, Proceedings of Provincial Court, Vol. 67,
        p.446,1678 ["...plea of trespas..."]
Robert Carville vs Cadwallader Jones, 2133 lbs tobacco, Vol.67, p. 445, 1678.

The map above outlines the geographic locations of the activities of Cadwallader Jones (JO-1) during this time period.  The "green" X's mark the spots!

#1) = His 1443 acres on Pumansend Creek [ "My House"] 1673.

#2) = His 1000 acres as partner to Henry Benson.(BE-1) 1674 at the falls.

#3) = His 14,114 acres with David Jones (JO-2) 1677.

#4) = His merchant activities 1677 - 1678 St. Marys, Maryland.  Across the Potomac.

What was to become the major road ways during the colonial period is the location of Cadwallader's business plan.   Strategic delivery points along the way which Cadwallader had already figured out.  Get there first, and try to control the access points.  Little did he know what was yet to happen.

Friday, July 13, 2012

CJ (12) : His Bailywick 1677

A finger in every pie is often said about one who is extremely active.  For the years 1676 - 1677, Cadwallader was such a person. [Probably had his fingers in a few cakes as well.]  His world was facing many challenges, and he was part of most.  Not only had he purchased his own land, gone into business with Henry Benson (BE-1), defended the government in Bacon's Rebellion, defended his home and settlement  from Indian attack, became part of the military establishment, and wrote a number of grievances, he had also started a business across the Potomac River in Maryland.

In 1677, the Archives of Maryland records in Chancery, October 6th, the following:

"Cadwallader Jones & Samuel Leadbeater, all papers relateing to this cause were delivered to the Chancellour by Order of this Thomas Carlisle & Court."

In Provincial Court Proceedings, 1677/78:

"Robert Carville Comand was given to the Sheriffe of St. Maryes agt. County that he Attach any the Goods or Chat in his bailywick to the Value of two thousand one hundred thirty three pounds of tobacco, & the same so Attached in his custody to keep untill the said Cadwallader Jones should by himselfe or his Attorney appeare here the Eleventh day of June in the third yeare of his Lordpps Dominion &c Annoaj Doni 1676. to answer unto Robert Carvile gentl in a plea of trespas upon the case..."

So Cadwallader was in hot water in Maryland.

From: Maryland State Archives, Proceedings of the Provincial Court, 1677-1678, Vol. 67, p.445.

Thursday, July 5, 2012

CJ(11) : Logistics of the Mind

The new land that Cadwallader Jones(JO-1) had surveyed in 1677 is described as being "...upon both sides of Accotynk & Pohick Rivers...". [CP II, p. 191]  It is also described as being "...upon Mr. Normansell's land".  It would seem that this patent is one of Cadwallader's plans to get to the new territories and establish settlements along an "Indian Path".   This would provide contact with traders along the major trade paths in existence at this time in 1677. 

The following figure is my attempt to outline this area which became known as Mason's Neck.   Accotynk (Accotink) and Pohick (Poheck) creeks are shown.  The Potomac River is along the eastern boarder.[North being to the top.]  The settlement of Colchester develops later, but becomes the center of this settlement area.  The "Indian Path" is roughly outlined, to give a sense of the roadways which were to develop along the coastal settlements.  It is called Stafford Co. in this patent of 1677.

The land area (14,114 acres) would be roughly 20 square mile along both sides of these creeks.  I suspect that this was between these creeks extending some 5-6 miles up both waterways.  A drawing will often help understand the logistics of the mind for those ancestors who lived so long ago.