Wednesday, June 27, 2018

CJ (#60) Three Pathways From Here

The year 1692 was significant for a number of folks in our story.   For Cadwallader Jones (JO-1)  his job as governor of the Bahamas came to an end, and another 10 years or so was yet to be lived.  Likewise, as the last several posts have shown, Thomas Bulkely (BUL-1) begins his personal task to bring our Cadwallader (JO-1) to justice in the legal system of the day.  Of course Bulkely's activity brings another group of individuals into our story, which leaves a number of separate tracks to be sorted through.  To help organize and move through these pages of history it would be helpful to think along three pathways.

First is the remaining years of the life of  Cadwallader Jones (JO-1).  No clear date of death has yet to be discovered, but it is roughly another decade.  During this time, a number of ideas are produced in his head which fills the final years full of activities.

Second is the pathway taken by Thomas Bulkely (BUL-1) to bring Cadwallader to justice for the many wrongs he felt occurred during his time as Governor of the Bahamas.  This becomes a very personal activity and includes more than a decade of Bulkely's life.

Third is the legal system's dealing with Thomas Bulkely (BUL-1) and the decisions made along the way.  A transformation of government was taking place [The Glorious Revolution] and the ideals of freedom and individual rights were being churned about.

Depending on which pathway one follows, the story of our Cadwallader Jones (JO-1)  may seem distinctly different among the branches.  It is here that many genealogist find it very difficult, and many writers have taken only part of each pathway.  Three pathways from the year 1692 are yet to be presented.

Tuesday, January 2, 2018

CJ (#59) A Post, Postscript 1692

Thomas Bulkley (BUL-1) continues with an additional note to his very lengthy letter :

"As a Supplement to our Letter we Write this to Informe your Honour, That at this time, the Public Store of Gun Power is not above Twelve Pounds, and that this day, by our Governors persons (without advice of the Council) came into this Harbour a Pirate Ship of 18 Guns, and about 50 or so Men, their Commanders name is John Cross (CRO-1), said to be as notorious a Pirate as any that Roves of the Sea, one that dares not go into any English Port but this.  The Night before he came to our Governour went a High Hill to look out for him, who was then out of sight, where at he was more troubled than at the News of the Earth Quake in Jamaica, and the Fearful and Doleful Destortion and Deffration made thereof for he spent great part of that day after the sad news, in Merriment and Drinking.  Since the said Pirates coming in, he hath permitted them to buy up all the Corne that Mr. Ireland had, of which the People of the Island were in great want.  Ireland might have had a Piece of Eight per Basket of the ... anders, He also permitted them to receive on Board their Ship, Men under Arrest for Trespass; and two Men againtst whom I had obtained Judgement of Court, for Debts to the Value of 24l.18s.4d. and by Bills of their Hands; and being on Board the said Ship, they bid Defiance, not only to their Creditors, but the Government also, of which I have complained to him, but cannot have any Remedy.
                                                                                        Your Honours, as above said,
                  New-Providence, the 17th
                      of December, 1692

                                                        The End of the First Part."

Wednesday, November 29, 2017

CJ (#59) A Postscript

A the end of the fairly long letter just copied, a postscript is written.  It is signed only by Thomas Bulkley (BUL-1).  The copy I have in hand is difficult to read in places, but here goes:

"Besides the Papers forementioned, I have herewith sent you some Memorials of his Miscarriages Contained in 39 Articles, Copy of a Mittimus; a message from the Commons to him, containing a Misdemeanous of one .pici..., ..d ... under Written; his Speech to the Concil, when Debated with for ordering Vessels sd Exter and ...... ... [Adjacent Islands, contrery Law; and also ordering the Tenth of salt so the ide.....  ...  a Royalty, the Message to the People when under Confinement on Board the Kit.. industry in this Harboar; his Proposals to the last Assembly, for his Personal going the French; also a Message from him to the Common in the said Assembly, and their Answer.  I Humbly by Pray your Honour that these Papers sent to you may be carefully kept, and (after you Perused) returned to us

                                                                                         Your Honours Humble Servant,
                                                                                                     Thomas Bulkley (BUL-1)"

Whew, what a stack of papers!  Yet there is one more written note "As a Supplement to our Letter...".  Another note, another day it must be.

Wednesday, September 27, 2017

CJ (#59) A Second Letter 1692 (11)

The letter continues:

"Right Honourable, to draw to a conclusion of this unpleasant task, wherein I have wearied my self with Writing, and perhaps may you with Reading, yet I shew'd you but little, of what might be shew'd of his Folly, Frenzey, and Knavery, whereof he is a Composition; and this hard to say which is the Predominant Ingredient.  To be short, he is (on all accompts) Morrally Unquallifed for Government, and a great Scandal to his Office, which casused one from Jamaica, to break forth into this Admiration, O monstrum borrendum, that such an Idiot should live among Men, especially be in Government, which Reflects great Dishonour upon the Lords, who sent, and Commissionated him; and may much more fill their Face with shame, who recomended him to them.  By his own Letters and Journals he hath made himself most Ridiculous Abroad, and Contemptible at Home.  And now Sir, we have shewed you the Evil Tree, which bringeth forth Evil Fruit, like to Jeremiahs bad Figgs (which is worse then Barreness)  it is with you whether that Sentence shall pass, viz. Cut it down, why combereth it the Gound, but if there were any hopes, that (by Diging about it, Dunging, or Pruning,) it might bring forth good Fruit : We would become Interessors, and say, Lord, let it alone this Year  Sir, we are very sensible of the Infallible truth of that Saying of our Great Lord, and Master That a House or Kingdom divided against it self, cannot stand ; and we also remember that the same Infallible Truth faith, That Offences will come, but be Pronouceth the Wo against him by when they come : And whethere we have given the Cause, or taken offence without just Cause, we submit our Cause, and our Selves, to Gods Judgment; and yours; being and subcribing our selves ( Right Honouralbe, )  Your Obliged Humble Servants
                                                                                       Gilbert Ashley (AS-1)
                                                                                       Bowen Clausen (CLA-1)
                                                                                       Thomas Bulkley (BUL-1) "

A postscript was also written which will be given next post.  Remember the lettering following each name above is my coding system for each individual involved in the life of Cadwallader Jones.  The story continues.


Wednesday, August 2, 2017

CJ (#59) A Second Letter 1692 (10)

The accusations continue.  The posts numbered #59 are still from the same correspondence.

"And in destributing the Lords Lands, he gives greater Portions by far to Idle Drones, who make no improvement, than the Lords allow to the most Industrious Planters; and at the same time denyeth many Laborious men any Land that lies convenient; whereby divers who came hither on purpose to Settle and Plant, have been so discouraged, as to depart again with Damage, and others who have staid long in hopes, are yet destitute: And he suffers Punch Houses to be kept in such an unlimited manner, that they do Devour the Fruits of the peoples labours, and thereby, and the idle expence of their time the Growth and Flourishing of the Settlement is greatly Obstructed.  And he so much connives at, or rather incourageth Profaness and Debauchery, that we may fear God's wrath, to break forth against us, in some Tremendous Judgment He himself keeping a Young Wench, which he calls his Miss, whose Father was a Notorious Pirate, and her Mother is a Punch House Keeper, his Disciple Lightwood (who came with him) hath kept a mans Wife (who made him his Attorney here) as his own, and by her he hath had three Bastards, two whereof were Abortive Twins.  His Secretary Graves, who by him was made a Deputy to one of the Lords Propriators (having a Wife in London) for several hears did live here in Adultery with a kind of a Mustee, who was his Bought Servant, by whom he hath had three Bastards, and with whom he hath lived, till (being deprived Justly of his Secretaries Place) he thought fit to go home to England, to seek for new preferment.  Mercier (another of the Lords Deputies) hath lived here, in a state of separation from his wife (who is said to be at New Yorke) 4 or 5 years; great part of which time, he hath lived in Adultery with a Nasty Punk, which he took as a Servant, by who he hath a Bastard living.  And these and such like, have been his peculiar Privado's and most inward Cabinet Councellers, by whom he hath carried on his Villanies, and supported himself therein hitherto."

To the Puritan mind, the items presented in this part of the letter would certainly be serious concerns.  Not sure of a number of terms used, but believe 1) "Punch Houses" is where a drink composed of water sweetened with sugar, with a mixture of lemon juices and spirit was served, and 2) "Mustee" as used in the West Indies, was a person of a mixed breed.  [Definitions from Noah Webster's 1828 Dictionary.]

Sunday, July 16, 2017

CJ (#59) A Second Letter 1692 (9)

The letter continues:

"By what hath been rehearsed, your Honour may perceive, how he consumes the publick Stock, that should be Improved for publick Defence; and thereby we are laid open and naked to the Common Enemy; from whose Invasion, our preservation (next to Divine protection) is to be Attributed to our poverty; we not being thought worth making an attempt upon : And whereas in regard we are so unfortified it is highly necessary that on small strength should be United and Composed, as much as may be; yet contrary to all rules of prudence, policy, and self preservation, and the frequent Advice of the Wisest among us, he suffers about a 120 Men to live soattering about, among the adjacent Islands; and not only suffers them so live after that manner, that the Government hath no benefit of them, nor they of the Government, but he strenously Opposeth their coming heither; and at the Salt Seafort, permits all the people (in like manner) to defect this Island to go the Salt Ponds, whereby we are exposed to be an Easiy Prey to the Common Enemy: And as if he design'd to Betray us into their Hands, he takes none (or very little) care for Amunition; so that many times, we have not enough to furnish the people, with six Rounds for small Arms, and less for the great Guns, of which there are but three at present useful; and tho we are generally so bare he either given or sould Gun Powder out of the Countries Stock, to Privateers; and sent away one of the great Guns in a Bark, which (by base and unworthy means) he hath gotten part of."

On the 1st of November 1670, all the Bahama Islands were granted to Lords Proprietors: 1) Christopher Duke of Albermarle, 2) William Earl of Craven, 3) John Lord Berkley, 4) Anthony Lord Ashley, 5) Sir George Carteret, and 6) Sir Peter Colleton.  Prior to this date, the earliest settlements were made by Puritan folks called the Eleutherians. [Eleutherian Adventures]  Governor's Bay, on the Island still called Eleuthera was their chief settlement area.  Salt Kettle Bay near Ridley's Head and two salt pond areas located southward from here, were most likely the areas referred to above.  Cadwallader Jones (JO-1) came to the Islands under the Lords Proprietors, and Thomas Bulkley (BUL-1) represented the Puritan settlements.  This was the soup that both found themselves swimming in 1692.

Previous posts have given some of this political and religious context. 

Friday, June 16, 2017

CJ (#59) A Second Letter 1692 (8)

By now you've got to be thinking...say what...does this guy Thomas Bulkley and friends not have anything better to do except for writing letters?   Anyway, this letter continues:

"I have also sent you a Coppy of the Lords Proprietors Instructions that you may see how his Actions do square with their Rules, but that Parliament last mentioned, Frustrate of the good Designs and Desires of the Petitioners: the Country was left Groaning under the Languishing Distempers, which his Evil Government had brought it into, and so hath continu'd Growing worse and worse.  By the first Parliament, 'twas Enacted, That Coll. Bowen Clasen, should be Joyned with the Governour in the Treasurers Office; and that no Money belonging to the Public Treasure should be Expended, without the Joynt consent of the Treasurers; and that their Account should be Audited every three Months.  Notwithstanding which Law, he hath taken upon him to demand and receive, all the publick Treasure from time, to time, not acquainting Coll. Bowen therewith; and as he receives, so he dispurses according to his own pleasure; and his Accounts not submitted to an Audit since last July was a year; which is about Seventeen Months: And tho we have had but small occasion of publick Expeences, since the last Tax was Granted, and he having received in Powder Money and Fort Money 121l , as by Entries in the Book will appear: Yet he saith, that the Country is indebted to him Considerably; and as it fares with the Countries Treasure, so with the Lords Royalties, as we have good reson to Suspect.  We cannot make a just Computation thereof, but guess upwards of 50 l for fifths of Ambergrease: He hath so managed the publick Treasure, that he expects (if a General Assembly do it) he shall be turned out of that Office; therefore he is a much appalled at the mention of a Parliament, and the coming of a new Governour, as Felix was, when St. Paul reasoned with him, Of Judgment to come. Through the perswasion of Mr. Clark (when here) he was prevailed upon, tho with great Reluctancy, to call a General Assembly, which was to sit the 8th of August last, but was by him (out of a perverse humour) Prorogu'd till the 15th of the said Month; After we had sate a few days (which were spent in frivolous Disputes raised by himself (as we have reason to think) on purpose to waste time, and interrupt business of Importance, which before we could fix upon, we were unhappily diverted, by some French Privateers, by whom we were in great danger of being taken and Plunder'd; and they lay so long just at our doors, that being tyred with continual watching night and day; and our Planting the mean while neglected: For general case, the Parliament Adjourn'd to the 5th of this Month, at which time they were Adjourn'd to the 7th Ditto, then (by him) were Disolved, having passed but two Acts, one for Appointing the Court of Pleas, the other for punishing Idle persons."